Useful Hotkeys

Browser keyboard shortcuts

The Shell website has been designed with the needs of non-mouse users in mind, for example people with Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) who can only use an ergonomic keyboard to surf the web, or upper mobility problems who use voice input software as well as non-sighted users who use screen readers.

This section explains the ways you can navigate Shell web pages with just the keyboard and explains how standard keyboard shortcuts can make keyboard navigation much easier.

It is very easy, for example, to open Windows Explorer by holding down the Windows logo key and pressing E.

This is much quicker than clicking on the Start button, then Programs, then Accessories and finally Windows Explorer.

Please note that if you do not have the exact version of a particular browser then some or all of these shortcuts might not function.


Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.x

Shortcut Key

Move virtual cursor to the top of the web page
CTRL + Home

Move virtual PC cursor to the end of the web doc
CTRL + End

Go to a new web page/visit a new site
CTRL + O or CTRL + l

Open another web browser window

To toggle the History pane/window on and off

To toggle the Favorites pane/window on and off

To bookmark the currently loaded page as a Favorite

Opens the ‘organize your Favorites’ treeview window (Turn off virtual cursor first with insert z)

Move cursor to the Address bar
Alt + D

Stop downloading current page

Refresh the currently loaded web page


Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.1

General Shortcuts

Turn Full Screen Mode on or off

Cycle through the Address Bar, Refresh button, Search Box, and items on a web page

Find a word or phrase on a page

Open the current webpage in a new window

Print the page

Select all items on the page

Zoom in

Zoom out

Zoom to 101


Go to home page
ALT + Home

Go backwards
ALT + Left

Go forward
ALT + Right

Refresh page

Refresh page and the cache

Stop downloading page


Open Favourites

Open Favourites in pinned mode

Organise Favourites

Add current page to Favourites

Open Feeds

Open Feeds in pinned mode

Open History

Open History in pinned mode


Open link in new background tab
CTRL+left mouse button or middle mouse button

Open link in new foreground tab
CTRL+SHIFT+left mouse button or CTRL+SHIFT+middle mouse button

Close tab (closes window if only one tab is open)

Open Quick Tab view

Open new tab

View list of open tabs

Switch to next tab

Switch to previous tab


Select the Address Bar

Add “http://www.” to the beginning and “.com” to the end of text in Address Bar

Add “http://www.” to the beginning and the website address suffix you have specified to the end of text in the Address Bar*

Open the website address that is typed in the Address Bar in new tab
ALT + Enter

View list of previously typed addresses


Select the Search Bar

View list of search providers

Open search results in new tab


Delete cookies, passwords, form data, history, and temporary Internet files
Tools > Delete Browsing History

Find and install add-ons
Tools > Manage Add-ons > Find More Add-ons

Print part of page
Select part of the page you want to print, press CTRL+P, click Selection, and then click Print

Change website address suffix*
Tools > Internet Options > Languages


Next link up
Shift + ↑

Next link down
Shift + ↓

Next link to the left
Shift + ←

Next link to the right
Shift + →

Activate link

Activate link in new tab
Shift + Enter


Previous page in history
Z or Ctrl + ← or Alt + ←

Next page in history
X or Ctrl + → or Alt + →

Reload the current page
F5 or Ctrl + R

Shift + Z

Fast forward
Shift + X

Show entire backward history
Alt + Z

Show entire forward history
Alt + X


Find text in page
Ctrl + F or .(period), or /

Find next instance of text
Ctrl + G

Find previous instance of text
Ctrl + Shift + G

Find text in links in page
, (comma), or Shift + /


Use entire screen for viewing page

Pretend to be small-screen device
Shift + F12


Zoom in 10%
+ or 1

Zoom out 10%
– or 10

Zoom in 100%
Ctrl + or 9

Zoom out 100%
Ctrl – or 8

Restore zoom to 100%


Open file
Ctrl + O

Save copy of page
Ctrl + S

Print preview (toggle)
Shift + P

Print page
Ctrl + P

Close Opera
Ctrl + Q

For more information and additional keyboard shortcuts for other browsers please visit the Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB) website.

Help customising the site
On this page we explain how you can change text size using your web browser, how to magnify your screen and how to change the text and background colour to better suit your reading needs.

Making text larger
Magnifying your screen
Changing the font
Changing font and background colour
Making text larger
A lot of web pages can be difficult to view because the text is too small to comfortably read. Choose from the following web browsers for step-by-step instructions on how to increase the size of the text on any web page you are viewing:

Internet Explorer (5.0, 5.5 6.0 7.0)
1. Open your Internet Explorer browser.
2. Open the ‘View’ menu with the mouse.
3. Click on ‘Text Size’.
4. Choose your preferred text size with the mouse, or use the up and down arrow keys and press ‘Enter’.

Firefox (1.0, 1.5, 2.0)
1. Open your Firefox browser.
2. Open the ‘View’ menu.
3. Click on ‘Text Size’.
4. Click on ‘Increase’. A quicker way to increase the text size is to hold Ctrl (Cmd in Mac OS X) and scroll down with your mouse.

Opera (9.0)
1. Open your Opera browser.
2. Open the ‘View’ menu.
3. Click on ‘Zoom’.
4. Click on your required zoom level

Safari (3)
1. Open your Safari browser.
2. Open the ‘View’ menu.
3. Select the “Make text larger” menu item.

Note: If this does not work it could be because your computer settings cannot be changed due to local IT policies – contact your local IT support for further help.


Magnifying your screen
If increasing the text size via the browser or Windows options does not make text easy to read another solution is to magnify your screen. All recent versions of Windows include magnification software, which can make it easier to read text on the screen.

The Windows magnifier lets you increase text to a very large size. It is, however, restricted to a small portion of the screen so most visually impaired people find that they require fully-functional magnification software.

Windows 95, 98, 2000, Me, XP, Vista
1. Open the Start menu by clicking on the Start button or by pressing the Windows logo key (located between the Ctrl + Alt keys on most keyboards) alternatively press Ctrl + Esc
2. Click on Programs or alternatively press P on the keyboard until Programs is highlighted and then press Enter
3. Click on Accessories or press A on the keyboard until Accessories is highlighted and then press Enter
4. Click on Accessibility or if you are using the keyboard, it will already be highlighted so just press Enter
5. Click on Magnifier or press M and when Magnifier is highlighted, press Enter on the keyboard
6. The magnifier is now turned on and the settings box appears.
7. You can click in the magnification level box to change the level of magnification, or use the up and down arrow keys
8. You can minimise the magnifier settings box by clicking the minimise button or by pressing Alt + Spacebar and then press N

Note: Your maximum and minimum zoom levels can be set from the “Zoom Options…” button.

Changing the font
Internet Explorer (5.0, 5.5 6.0 and 7.0)
1. Open your Internet Explorer browser
2. Open the ‘Tools’ menu with the mouse
3. Click on ‘Internet Options’, or press ‘O’
4. Click ‘Accessibility’, or press Alt+E
5. Check the ‘Ignore font styles specified on Web pages’ checkbox with the mouse or by pressing Alt+S
6. Click ‘OK’, or press enter
7. Click ‘Fonts’, or press Alt+N
8. Select a web page font of your choice with the mouse, or by pressing Alt+W and arrowing through the list
9. Click ‘OK’ twice, or press Enter twice

Firefox (1.0, 1.5 and 2.0)
1. Click on the ‘Tools’ menu with the mouse or press ‘Alt ‘ + ‘T’
2. Click on ‘Options’, or press ‘O’ to open the ‘ Options ‘ dialog box
3. Make sure that the ‘General’ option is selected – if not either click on it or press ‘Tab’ until it is highlighted and then press ‘Enter’
4. Click on ‘ Fonts & Colors ‘ or press ‘F’
5. Click on the box next to ‘proportional:’ and choose your font type – serif or sans serif – or press ‘Tab’ until the option box is highlighted, use the arrow keys to expand it and choose your font type and then press ‘Enter’
6. Choose your specific font by clicking on the ‘Serif:’ or ‘Sans-serif:’ drop down menus depending on what font type you selected for ‘Proportional’ and scroll down and select the font you want or ‘Tab’ into the relevant drop down menu (‘Serif:’ or ‘Sans-Serif:’) and use the arrow keys to move ‘up’ and ‘down’ the list. Once the font you want is highlighted press ‘Enter’ to select it.
7. Click on ‘Always use my:’ ‘Fonts’ checkbox, or press ‘Tab’ until the checkbox is highlighted and press the ‘Spacebar’
8. Click ‘OK’ or press ‘Enter’
9. Click ‘OK’ or tab to ‘OK’ button and press ‘Enter ‘

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Kentucky Fried Cruelty ( KFC )

The roughly 1 billion chickens killed each year for KFC’s buckets are crammed by the tens of thousands into excrement-filled sheds that stink of ammonia fumes.

    The birds’ legs and wings often break because they’re bred to be too top-heavy and because workers carelessly shove them into transport crates and shackles.

    • Chickens’ throats are slit and the animals are dropped into tanks of scalding-hot water to remove their feathers, often while they are still conscious and able to feel pain.
    • KFC lets frustrated factory-farm and slaughterhouse workers handle live birds, so many of the animals end up being sadistically abused.
    • At a KFC “Supplier of the Year” slaughterhouse in West Virginia, workers were documented tearing the heads off live birds, spitting tobacco into their eyes, spray-painting their faces, and violently stomping on them.

    • This was discovered more than two years after KFC promised PETA that it was taking animal welfare seriously.
    • [youtube]

    • KFC hides behind its Animal Welfare Advisory Council, even though five members of the council have resigned in frustration. One of them, Adele Douglass, told the Chicago Tribune that KFC “never had any meetings. They never asked any advice, and then they touted to the press that they had this animal-welfare advisory committee. I felt like I was being used.”
    • How KFC Can Clean Up Its Act
      PETA wants KFC to adopt the animal welfare program developed by five members of its own animal welfare board. These advisors are the world’s top poultry experts; they advise the meat industry in North America and Europe and believe that KFC can—and should—adopt them. KFC has yet to do any of the following:
    • Adopt the “Animal Care Standards” program. This would lower the amount of ammonia in the air in factory farms, improve the living spaces and lighting in chicken sheds, prohibit the intentional starving of breeding birds, and ensure that birds are provided with mental and physical stimulation.
    • Switch to controlled-atmosphere killing (CAK). This would prevent live birds in slaughterhouses from being abused by workers, having their throats slit, or being scalded while they were still conscious. CAK would also improve conditions for workers and decrease contamination levels in chickens’ flesh.
    • Switch to mechanized chicken gathering. This would drastically reduce the number of broken bones and painful bruising that birds endure when factory-farm workers carelessly throw them into transport crates.
    • Breed for health rather than rapid growth, and stop feeding drugs to chickens. This would reduce the rate at which birds suffer painful, crippling diseases and injuries, such as broken legs, heart attacks, and lung failures.
    • Make all welfare standards transparent and verifiable. This would simply ensure that the animal welfare program is being adhered to through announced and unannounced independent audits (the results of which must be made available to the public through KFC’s Web site).


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    A 90-year-old’s 45 lessons‏ (Must Read)

    A 90-year-old’s 45 lessons‏

    “To celebrate growing older, I once wrote the 45 lessons life taught me.

    It is the most-requested column I’ve ever written.”

    “My odometer rolled over to 90 in August, so here is the column oncemore:

    1. Life isn’t fair, but it’s still good.

    2. When in doubt, just take the next small step.

    3. Life is too short to waste time hating anyone.

    4. Your job won’t take care of you when you are sick. Your friends andparents will. Stay in touch. 5. Pay off your credit cards every month.

    6. You don’t have to win every argument. Agree to disagree.

    7. Cry with someone. It’s more healing than crying alone.

    8. It’s OK to get angry with God. He can take it.

    9. Save for retirement starting with your first paycheck.

    10. When it comes to chocolate, resistance is futile.

    11. Make peace with your past so it won’t screw up the present.

    12. It’s OK to let your children see you cry.

    13. Don’t compare your life to others. You have no idea what theirjourney is all about.

    14. If a relationship has to be a secret, you shouldn’t be in it.

    15. Everything can change in the blink of an eye. But don’t worry; Godnever blinks.

    16. Take a deep breath. It calms the mind.

    17. Get rid of anything that isn’t useful, beautiful or joyful.

    18. Whatever doesn’t kill you really does make you stronger.

    19. It’s never too late to have a happy childhood. But the second one isup to you and no one else. 20. When it comes to going after what you love in life, don’t take nofor an answer.

    21. Burn the candles, use the nice sheets, wear the fancy lingerie.Don’t save it for a special occasion. Today is special.

    22. Over prepare, then go with the flow.

    23. Be eccentric now. Don’t wait for old age to wear purple.

    24. The most important sex organ is the brain.

    25. No one is in charge of your happiness but you.

    26. Frame every so-called disaster with these words ‘In five years, willthis matter?’

    27. Always choose life.

    28. Forgive everyone everything.

    29. What other people think of you is none of your business.

    30. Time heals almost everything. Give time time.

    31. However good or bad a situation is, it will change.

    32. Don’t take yourself so seriously. No one else does.

    33. Believe in miracles.

    34. God loves you because of who God is, not because of anything you didor didn’t do.

    35. Don’t audit life. Show up and make the most of it now.

    36. Growing old beats the alternative — dying young.

    37. Your children get only one childhood.

    38. All that truly matters in the end is that you loved.

    39. Get outside every day. Miracles are waiting everywhere.

    40. If we all threw our problems in a pile and saw everyone else’s,we’d grab ours back.

    41. Envy is a waste of time. You already have all you need.

    42. The best is yet to come.

    43. No matter how you feel, get up, dress up and show up.

    44. Yield.

    45. Life isn’t tied with a bow, but it’s still a gift.”

    Friends are the family that we choose for ourselves.

    source : Regina Brett, 90 years old, of The Plain Dealer, Cleveland ,Ohio.
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